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windows terminal加powershell7美化命令行操作

之前写过一篇文章vscode+wsl+windows terminal美化和搭建linux开发环境

博客链接

wsl挺好用的,不过比较麻烦,而且windows下的liunx子系统不完整,很多东西不能用,毕竟不是虚拟机。看到powershell7,心动了,本篇文章就如标题所言美化命令行操作。

下载windows terminal

Microsoft Store就有下载

下载并安装powershell7

选个最新的就行,我下载的是7.1.0-preview3,powershell7下载

下载scoop或者 chocolatey (windows包管理工具)

也可以用powershell的Install-Module,不过还是推荐使用scoop或者chocolatey

scoop为例:

安装scoop

Invoke-Expression (New-Objec System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://get.scoop.sh')# oriwr -useb get.scoop.sh | iex

美化powershell

这里主要用到两个包,PSReadLine命令行提示记录,starship美化显示样式,colortool颜色配置

  1. 安装

    Install-Module -Name PSReadLine -AllowPrerelease -Force # PSReadLinescoop install colortoolscoop install starship
  2. 写powershell的配置文件

    打开配置文件

    notepad.exe $Profile# or 用vscodecode $Profile

    写入

    #-----------------------------------------------------PSReadline# 设置 Tab 键补全Set-PSReadlineKeyHandler -Key Tab -Function Complete# 设置 Ctrl+d 为菜单补全和 Intellisense# Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key "Tab" -Function MenuComplete# 设置 Ctrl+d 为退出 PowerShellSet-PSReadlineKeyHandler -Key "Ctrl+d" -Function ViExit# 设置 Ctrl+z 为撤销Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key "Ctrl+z" -Function Undo# 设置向上键为后向搜索历史记录Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key UpArrow -Function HistorySearchBackward# 设置向下键为前向搜索历史纪录Set-PSReadLineKeyHandler -Key DownArrow -Function HistorySearchForward# 一些PSReadline配置$PSReadLineOptions = @{    EditMode = "Emacs"    HistoryNoDuplicates = $true    HistorySearchCursorMovesToEnd = $true    Colors = @{        # 提示文字颜色,原来的颜色太浅了,我这里换了        Prediction = '#8F8B8B'    }}Set-PSReadLineOption @PSReadLineOptions#-----------------------------------------------------starshipInvoke-Expression (&starship init powershell)
  3. 配置starship

    创建这个文件夹并创建startship.toml

    mkdir -p ~/.config && touch ~/.config/starship.toml

    如果你创建失败,说明有这个.config这个文件夹,直接

    touch ~/.config/starship.toml
    notepad.exe ~/.config/starship.toml# orcode ~/.config/starship.toml

    具体配置看官网,这里出现的小方框或者乱码是字体缺失,我这里用的是FiraCode Nerd Font字体,这个后面再说

    大概像这个样子

    image
    [character]      symbol = "➜"    [aws]symbol = " "[battery]full_symbol = ""charging_symbol = ""discharging_symbol = ""[conda]symbol = " "[docker]symbol = " "[elixir]symbol = " "[elm]symbol = " "[git_branch]symbol = " "[golang]symbol = " "[haskell]symbol = " "[hg_branch]symbol = " "[java]symbol = " "[julia]symbol = " "[memory_usage]symbol = " "[nix_shell]symbol = " "[nodejs]# symbol = " "symbol=" "[package]symbol = " "[php]symbol = " "[python]symbol = " "[ruby]symbol = " "[rust]symbol = " "
  4. 配置colortool

    colortool -s # 颜色表colortool  OneHalfDark.itermcolors # colortools后面跟主题名字就行
image

下载并配置FiraCode Nerd Font字体

  1. 下载FiraCode Nerd Font字体

    打开nerdfonts网站,滑到最下面找到FiraCode Nerd Font下载解压,全选&右键安装

image
  1. vscode中配置字体

    打开vscode配置文件,写入

     "editor.fontFamily": "FiraCode Nerd Font,Consolas, 'Courier New', monospace"

    这时候你打开starship.toml就可以看到缺失的字体了

  2. windows terminal中配置字体

    在后续windows terminal配置中见

配置windows terminal

{    "$schema": "https://aka.ms/terminal-profiles-schema",    // "defaultProfile": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}",    "defaultProfile": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",    "copyOnSelect": true,    "profiles": {        "defaults": {            "startingDirectory": "./",            "useAcrylic": true,            "acrylicOpacity": 0.8        },        "list": [{                "guid": "{61c54bbd-c2c6-5271-96e7-009a87ff44bf}",                "name": "Windows PowerShell",                "commandline": "powershell.exe",                "hidden": false,                "useAcrylic": true            },            {                "guid": "{0caa0dad-35be-5f56-a8ff-afceeeaa6101}",                "name": "cmd",                "commandline": "cmd.exe",                "hidden": false            },            {                "guid": "{2c4de342-38b7-51cf-b940-2309a097f518}",                "hidden": false,                "name": "Ubuntu",                "source": "Windows.Terminal.Wsl"            },            {                "guid": "{b453ae62-4e3d-5e58-b989-0a998ec441b8}",                "hidden": false,                "name": "Azure Cloud Shell",                "source": "Windows.Terminal.Azure"            },            // powershell 7            {                "guid": "{574e775e-4f2a-5b96-ac1e-a2962a402336}",                "hidden": false,                "name": "PowerShell",                "commandline": "C:/Program Files/PowerShell/7-preview/pwsh.exe -nologo",                "fontSize": 12,                // 字体配置                "fontFace": "FiraCode Nerd Font",                "historySize": 9001,                "padding": "5, 5, 20, 25",                "snapOnInput": true,                "colorScheme": "Andromeda",                "source": "Windows.Terminal.PowershellCore"            }        ]    },    "schemes": [ {        "name": "Andromeda",        "black": "#000000",        "red": "#cd3131",        "green": "#05bc79",        "yellow": "#e5e512",        "blue": "#2472c8",        "purple": "#bc3fbc",        "cyan": "#0fa8cd",        "white": "#e5e5e5",        "brightBlack": "#666666",        "brightRed": "#cd3131",        "brightGreen": "#05bc79",        "brightYellow": "#e5e512",        "brightBlue": "#2472c8",        "brightPurple": "#bc3fbc",        "brightCyan": "#0fa8cd",        "brightWhite": "#e5e5e5",        "background": "#262a33",        "foreground": "#e5e5e5"    }],    "keybindings": []}

这个时候打开windows terminal

image

windows terminal 加入系统右键

win+r输入regedit找到计算机\HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Directory\Background\shell
新建项Terminal(名字随便取)

image
image
  1. 选中Terminal(默认)为写入右键的文本

  2. Icon为右键图标,自己找一个ico

  3. 右键Terminal新建项command,在默认下写入值C:\Users\niwen\AppData\Local\Microsoft\WindowsApps\wt.exe

    这里的niwen是我电脑用户的名称,你们自己找到wt.exe然后把地址写上去就行

ok搞定现在试一下右键点击Terminal Here

image

文章来源:智云一二三科技

文章标题:windows terminal加powershell7美化命令行操作

文章地址:https://www.zhihuclub.com/1265.shtml

关于作者: 智云科技

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