java怎么实现发送短信功能

1、在阿里云短信服务中添加签名

2、在阿里云短信服务中添加模板

3、创建属于自己的AccessKey IDAccess Key Secret

4、需要下载两个jar包

aliyun-java-sdk-core-3.3.1.jar
aliyun-java-sdk-dysmsapi-1.0.0.jar

5、然后新建Sendmss类(需要修改四个地方)

①:此处需要替换成开发者自己的AK(在阿里云访问控制台寻找)

static final String accessKeyId = "xxxxxxxxxx";

②:                            

static final String accessKeySecret ="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx";

③:必填:短信签名-可在短信控制台中找到           

request.setSignName("xxxxx");

④:可选:模板中的变量替换JSON串,如模板内容为"亲爱的${name},您的验证码为${code}"时,此处的值为   request.setTemplateParam("{ \"code\":\""+yzm+"\"}");

package com.zuxia.maven.carsystem.util;
import com.aliyuncs.DefaultAcsClient;
import com.aliyuncs.IAcsClient;
import com.aliyuncs.dysmsapi.model.v20170525.SendSmsRequest;
import com.aliyuncs.dysmsapi.model.v20170525.SendSmsResponse;
import com.aliyuncs.exceptions.ClientException;
import com.aliyuncs.profile.DefaultProfile;
import com.aliyuncs.profile.IClientProfile;
public class Sendmss {
     //产品名称:云通信短信API产品,开发者无需替换
    static final String product = "Dysmsapi";
    //产品域名,开发者无需替换
    static final String domain = "dysmsapi.aliyuncs.com";
    // TODO 此处需要替换成开发者自己的AK(在阿里云访问控制台寻找)
    static final String accessKeyId = "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx";
    static final String accessKeySecret ="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx";    
    public SendSmsResponse sendSms(String phone,String yzm) throws ClientException {
        //可自助调整超时时间
        System.setProperty("sun.net.client.defaultConnectTimeout", "10000");
        System.setProperty("sun.net.client.defaultReadTimeout", "10000");
        //初始化acsClient,暂不支持region化
        IClientProfile profile = DefaultProfile.getProfile("cn-hangzhou", accessKeyId, accessKeySecret);
        DefaultProfile.addEndpoint("cn-hangzhou", "cn-hangzhou", product, domain);
        IAcsClient acsClient = new DefaultAcsClient(profile);
        //组装请求对象-具体描述见控制台-文档部分内容
        SendSmsRequest request = new SendSmsRequest();
        //必填:待发送手机号
        request.setPhoneNumbers(phone);
        //必填:短信签名-可在短信控制台中找到
        request.setSignName("xxxxxxx");
        //必填:短信模板-可在短信控制台中找到
        request.setTemplateCode("xxxxxxxxx");
        //可选:模板中的变量替换JSON串,如模板内容为"亲爱的${name},您的验证码为${code}"时,此处的值为
        request.setTemplateParam("{ \"code\":\""+yzm+"\"}");
        //选填-上行短信扩展码(无特殊需求用户请忽略此字段)
        //request.setSmsUpExtendCode("90997");
        //可选:outId为提供给业务方扩展字段,最终在短信回执消息中将此值带回给调用者
        request.setOutId("yourOutId");
        //hint 此处可能会抛出异常,注意catch
        SendSmsResponse sendSmsResponse = acsClient.getAcsResponse(request);
        return sendSmsResponse;
    }
}

新建test类

package com.zuxia.maven.carsystem.test;
import com.aliyuncs.exceptions.ClientException;
import com.zuxia.maven.carsystem.util.Sendmss;
public class Test {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
            Sendmss s = new Sendmss();
            String phone = "xxxxxxxxxxxx";
            String yzm = "xxxxxxxxx";
            try {
                s.sendSms(phone, yzm);
            } catch (ClientException e) {
                System.out.println(e.getMessage());
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            System.out.println("发送成功!");
    }
}

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