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grpc 使用(python,golang)


python

1、使用前准备,安装这三个库

pip install grpciopip install protobufpip install grpcio_tools

2、建立一个proto文件hello.proto

 // [python quickstart](https://grpc.io/docs/quickstart/python.html#run-a-grpc-application)// python -m grpc_tools.protoc --python_out=. --grpc_python_out=. -I. hello.proto// helloworld.protosyntax = "proto3";package test;service Greeter {    rpc SayHello(HelloRequest) returns (HelloReply) {}    rpc SayHelloAgain(HelloRequest) returns (HelloReply) {}}service Greetera{    rpc SayStudent(Studentid) returns (Student){}}message Student {    string msg=1;//json}message Studentid{    string id=1;}message HelloRequest {    string name = 1;}message HelloReply {    string message = 1;}

3、执行命令就会对应生成两个py文件
hello_pb2.py
hello_pb2_grpc.py

python -m grpc_tools.protoc --python_out=. --grpc_python_out=. -I. hello.proto

4、py服务端代码hello.server.py:

from concurrent import futuresimport timeimport grpcimport hello_pb2import hello_pb2_grpcimport json# 实现 proto 文件中定义的 GreeterServicerclass Greeter(hello_pb2_grpc.GreeterServicer):    # 实现 proto 文件中定义的 rpc 调用    def SayHello(self, request, context):        return hello_pb2.HelloReply(message = 'hello {msg}'.format(msg = request.name))    def SayHelloAgain(self, request, context):        return hello_pb2.HelloReply(message='hello {msg}'.format(msg = request.name))class Gretera(hello_pb2_grpc.GreeteraServicer):    def SayStudent(self,request,context):        print(request.id)        if request.id=="0":            c=hello_pb2.Student(msg=json.dumps({"name":"owen","age":22,"sex":"男"}))        else:            c=hello_pb2.Student(msg=json.dumps({"name":"lihui","age":23,"sex":"女"}))        return cdef serve():    # 启动 rpc 服务    server = grpc.server(futures.ThreadPoolExecutor(max_workers=10))    hello_pb2_grpc.add_GreeterServicer_to_server(Greeter(), server)    hello_pb2_grpc.add_GreeteraServicer_to_server(Gretera(),server)    server.add_insecure_port('[::]:50052')    server.start()    try:        while True:            time.sleep(60*60*24) # one day in seconds    except KeyboardInterrupt:        server.stop(0)if __name__ == '__main__':    serve()

py客户端代码hello.client.py:

import grpcimport hello_pb2import hello_pb2_grpcimport jsondef run():    # 连接 rpc 服务器    channel = grpc.insecure_channel('localhost:50051')    # 调用 rpc 服务    stub = hello_pb2_grpc.GreeterStub(channel)    response = stub.SayHello(hello_pb2.HelloRequest(name='czl'))    print("Greeter client received: " + response.message)    response = stub.SayHelloAgain(hello_pb2.HelloRequest(name='nsdnfkjda'))    print("Greeter client received: " + response.message)    stub1 = hello_pb2_grpc.GreeteraStub(channel)    response1 = stub1.SayStudent(hello_pb2.Studentid(id='1'))    print(json.loads(response1.msg))if __name__ == '__main__':    run()

golang

由于grpc是跨语言的所以这里用golang做为示范,golang客户端代码,小编这里也踩了许多坑,最主要的是两个proto文件一定要一致,golang 中使用必须安装protoc,windows将环境变量指向安装目录的bin下面:
1、protocal buffer安装

https://github.com/google/protobuf/releases 下载 对应自己的系统(环境变量记得改)

2、安装 golang protobuf

go get -u github.com/golang/protobuf/proto // golang protobuf 库go get -u github.com/golang/protobuf/protoc-gen-go //protoc --go_out 工具

3、安装 gRPC-go

go get google.golang.org/grpc

4、生成go文件

protoc --go_out=plugins=grpc:文件目录  对应的.proto文件protoc --go_out=plugins=grpc:. hello.proto

生成hello.pb.go,调用的实现hello_go_client.go:

    package mainimport (    "context"    "encoding/json"    "google.golang.org/grpc"    "log"    "student/test" //对应的生成文件目录)type Studenmsg struct {    Name string    Age int    Sex string}func main() {    // 建立连接到gRPC服务    conn, err := grpc.Dial("127.0.0.1:50052", grpc.WithInsecure())    if err != nil {        log.Fatalf("did not connect: %v", err)    }    // 函数结束时关闭连接    defer conn.Close()    // 创建Waiter服务的客户端    t := test.NewGreeteraClient(conn)    tr,err:=t.SayStudent(context.Background(),&test.Studentid{Id:"1"})    if err != nil {            log.Fatalf("could not greet: %v", err)        }    var st Studenmsg    err=json.Unmarshal([]byte(tr.Msg),&st)//这里说明一下发过来的数据是json格式转化成struct    if err!=nil{        log.Println(err.Error())    }    log.Println(st.Name,st.Age,st.Sex)}

文章来源:智云一二三科技

文章标题:grpc 使用(python,golang)

文章地址:https://www.zhihuclub.com/2903.shtml

关于作者: 智云科技

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