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聊聊golang的zap的NewDevelopment

本文主要研究一下golang的zap的NewDevelopment

NewDevelopment

zap@v1.16.0/logger.go

 func NewDevelopment(options ...Option) (*Logger, error) {
    return NewDevelopmentConfig().Build(options...)
}
  

NewDevelopmentConfig

zap@v1.16.0/config.go

 func NewDevelopmentConfig() Config {
    return Config{
        Level:            NewAtomicLevelAt(DebugLevel),
        Development:      true,
        Encoding:         "console",
        EncoderConfig:    NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig(),
        OutputPaths:      []string{"stderr"},
        ErrorOutputPaths: []string{"stderr"},
    }
}
  

NewDevelopmentConfig创建Config,其Level为NewAtomicLevelAt(DebugLevel),Development为true,Encoding为console,EncoderConfig为NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig,OutputPaths及ErrorOutputPaths均为stderr

NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig

zap@v1.16.0/config.go

 func NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig() zapcore.EncoderConfig {
    return zapcore.EncoderConfig{
        // Keys can be anything except the empty string.
        TimeKey:        "T",
        LevelKey:       "L",
        NameKey:        "N",
        CallerKey:      "C",
        FunctionKey:    zapcore.OmitKey,
        MessageKey:     "M",
        StacktraceKey:  "S",
        LineEnding:     zapcore.DefaultLineEnding,
        EncodeLevel:    zapcore.CapitalLevelEncoder,
        EncodeTime:     zapcore.ISO8601TimeEncoder,
        EncodeDuration: zapcore.StringDurationEncoder,
        EncodeCaller:   zapcore.ShortCallerEncoder,
    }
}
  

NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig创建zapcore.EncoderConfig,其LineEnding为zapcore.DefaultLineEnding,EncodeLevel为zapcore.CapitalLevelEncoder,EncodeTime为zapcore.ISO8601TimeEncoder,EncodeDuration为zapcore.StringDurationEncoder,EncodeCaller为zapcore.ShortCallerEncoder

encoder

zap@v1.16.0/zapcore/encoder.go

 const DefaultLineEnding = "\n"

func CapitalLevelEncoder(l Level, enc PrimitiveArrayEncoder) {
    enc.AppendString(l.CapitalString())
}

func ISO8601TimeEncoder(t time.Time, enc PrimitiveArrayEncoder) {
    encodeTimeLayout(t, "2006-01-02T15:04:05.000Z0700", enc)
}

func StringDurationEncoder(d time.Duration, enc PrimitiveArrayEncoder) {
    enc.AppendString(d.String())
}

func ShortCallerEncoder(caller EntryCaller, enc PrimitiveArrayEncoder) {
    // TODO: consider using a byte-oriented API to save an allocation.
    enc.AppendString(caller.TrimmedPath())
}
  

encoder

zap@v1.16.0/encoder.go

 var (
    errNoEncoderNameSpecified = errors.New("no encoder name specified")

    _encoderNameToConstructor = map[string]func(zapcore.EncoderConfig) (zapcore.Encoder, error){
        "console": func(encoderConfig zapcore.EncoderConfig) (zapcore.Encoder, error) {
            return zapcore.NewConsoleEncoder(encoderConfig), nil
        },
        "json": func(encoderConfig zapcore.EncoderConfig) (zapcore.Encoder, error) {
            return zapcore.NewJSONEncoder(encoderConfig), nil
        },
    }
    _encoderMutex sync.RWMutex
)
  

_encoderNameToConstructor内置了console、json两种encoder

NewConsoleEncoder

zap@v1.16.0/console_encoder.go

 func NewConsoleEncoder( cfg  EncoderConfig) Encoder {
    if len(cfg.ConsoleSeparator) == 0 {
        // Use a default delimiter of '\t' for backwards compatibility
        cfg.ConsoleSeparator = "\t"
    }
    return consoleEncoder{newJSONEncoder(cfg, true)}
}

type consoleEncoder struct {
    *jsonEncoder
}

func (c consoleEncoder) EncodeEntry(ent Entry, fields []Field) (*buffer.Buffer, error) {
    line := bufferpool.Get()

    // We don't want the entry's metadata to be quoted and escaped (if it's
    // encoded as strings), which means that we can't use the JSON encoder. The
    // simplest option is to use the memory encoder and fmt.Fprint.
    //
    // If this ever becomes a performance bottleneck, we can implement
    // ArrayEncoder for our plain-text format.
    arr := getSliceEncoder()
    if c.TimeKey != "" && c.EncodeTime != nil {
        c.EncodeTime(ent.Time, arr)
    }
    if c.LevelKey != "" && c.EncodeLevel != nil {
        c.EncodeLevel(ent.Level, arr)
    }
    if ent.LoggerName != "" && c.NameKey != "" {
        nameEncoder := c.EncodeName

        if nameEncoder == nil {
            // Fall back to FullNameEncoder for backward compatibility.
            nameEncoder = FullNameEncoder
        }

        nameEncoder(ent.LoggerName, arr)
    }
    if ent.Caller.Defined {
        if c.CallerKey != "" && c.EncodeCaller != nil {
            c.EncodeCaller(ent.Caller, arr)
        }
        if c.FunctionKey != "" {
            arr.AppendString(ent.Caller.Function)
        }
    }
    for i := range arr.elems {
        if i > 0 {
            line.AppendString(c.ConsoleSeparator)
        }
        fmt.Fprint(line, arr.elems[i])
    }
    putSliceEncoder(arr)

    // Add the message itself.
    if c.MessageKey != "" {
        c.addSeparatorIfNecessary(line)
        line.AppendString(ent.Message)
    }

    // Add any structured context.
    c.writeContext(line, fields)

    // If there's no stacktrace key, honor that; this allows users to force
    // single-line output.
    if ent.Stack != "" && c.StacktraceKey != "" {
        line.AppendByte('\n')
        line.AppendString(ent.Stack)
    }

    if c.LineEnding != "" {
        line.AppendString(c.LineEnding)
    } else {
        line.AppendString(DefaultLineEnding)
    }
    return line, nil
}
  

consoleEncoder内嵌了 *jsonEncoder ,其EncodeEntry方法通过getSliceEncoder()获取`*sliceArrayEncoder,然后依次往arr添加time、level、loggerName、caller,最后再添加业务的message本身,对于有stacktrace还会追加stacktrace

实例

 func developmentDemo() {
    logger, _ := zap.NewDevelopment()
    defer logger.Sync() // flushes buffer, if any
    sugar := logger.Sugar()
    sugar.Info("this will be logged")
    sugar. Panic ("test panic")
}
  

输出

 2020-12-06T23:29:08.081+0800    INFO    log-demo/zap_demo.go:17 this will be logged
2020-12-06T23:29:08.082+0800    PANIC   log-demo/zap_demo.go:18 test panic
main.developmentDemo
        /zap_demo.go:18
main.main
        /zap_demo.go:10
runtime.main
        /usr/local/go/src/runtime/proc.go:204
panic: test panic

goroutine 1 [running]:
go.uber.org/zap/zapcore.(*CheckedEntry).Write(0xc0000f20c0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
        /go/pkg/mod/go.uber.org/zap@v1.16.0/zapcore/entry.go:234 +0x585
go.uber.org/zap.(*SugaredLogger).log(0xc0000fbed0, 0x4, 0x0, 0x0, 0xc0000fbed8, 0x1, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
        /go/pkg/mod/go.uber.org/zap@v1.16.0/sugar.go:234 +0xf6
go.uber.org/zap.(*SugaredLogger).Panic(...)
        /go/pkg/mod/go.uber.org/zap@v1.16.0/sugar.go:123
main.developmentDemo()
        /zap_demo.go:18 +0x199
main.main()
        /zap_demo.go:10 +0x25
exit status 2
  

小结

NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig创建zapcore.EncoderConfig,其LineEnding为zapcore.DefaultLineEnding,EncodeLevel为zapcore.CapitalLevelEncoder,EncodeTime为zapcore.ISO8601TimeEncoder,EncodeDuration为zapcore.StringDurationEncoder,EncodeCaller为zapcore.ShortCallerEncoder

doc

  • zap

文章来源:智云一二三科技

文章标题:聊聊golang的zap的NewDevelopment

文章地址:https://www.zhihuclub.com/86644.shtml

关于作者: 智云科技

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